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Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)4[1]
of the Committee of Ministers to member States
on the protection of journalism and safety of journalists and other media actors

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 April 2016
at the 1253rd meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

Declaration of the Committee of Ministers

on the protection of journalism and safety of journalists and other media actors[1]

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 30 April 2014
at the 1198th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

Preamble

The Committee of Ministers,

Recalling that those responsible for acts amounting to serious human rights violations must be held to account for their actions;

Considering that a lack of accountability encourages repetition of crimes, as perpetrators and others feel free to commit further offences without fear of punishment;

Recommendation 1876 (2009)

State of human rights in Europe: the need to eradicate impunity

Author(s): Parliamentary Assembly

Origin - Assembly debate on 24 June 2009 (22nd Sitting) (see Doc. 11934, report of the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, rapporteur: Mrs Däubler-Gmelin; and Doc. 11964, opinion of the Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, rapporteur: Mrs Čurdová). Text adopted by the Assembly on 24 June 2009 (22nd Sitting).

Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)2

of the Committee of Ministers to member states on media pluralism and diversity of media content

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 31 January 2007 at the 985th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

 The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe, 

COUNCIL OF EUROPE
COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS
Recommendation Rec(2003)13
of the Committee of Ministers to member states
on the provision of information through the media
in relation to criminal proceedings
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 10 July 2003
at the 848th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)
The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve greater unity between its members for the

COUNCIL OF EUROPE
COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS

Recommendation Rec(2004)161 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the right of reply in the new media environment

COUNCIL OF EUROPE
COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS

Recommendation No. R (2000) 7 of the Committee of Ministers to member states

on the right of journalists not to disclose their sources of information

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 8 March 2000 at the 701st meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)

Declaration of the Committee of Ministers on Risks to Fundamental Rights
stemming from Digital Tracking and other Surveillance Technologies
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 11 June 2013
at the 1173rd meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)
1. The propensity to interfere with the right to private life has significantly increased as a result of rapid
technological development and of legal frameworks which are slow to adapt.
2. Data processing in the information society which is carried out without the necessary safeguards and

Internet : http://www.coe.int/cm
Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)4 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of human rights with regard to social networking services
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 4 April 2012 at the 1139th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)
Social networks as human rights enablers and catalysts for democracy

Internet : http://www.coe.int/cm
Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)3 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of human rights with regard to search engines
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 4 April 2012 at the 1139th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)
Search engines play a pivotal role in the information society

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 15 February 2012
at the 1134th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)

Freedom of expression and the right to seek and receive information are fundamental for the functioning of a genuine democracy. As stated in the Committee of Ministers’ Declaration on public service media governance, adopted on the same day, media are the most important tool for freedom of expression in the public sphere, enabling people to exercise the right to seek and receive information.

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